Orchids are among the most popular flowering plants in the world, prized for their exquisite beauty and often exotic appearance. While many species of orchids can be quite challenging to grow, there are several popular varieties that are well-suited to beginners. Here are ten of the most popular orchids for beginners. With over 25,000 different species, there’s no shortage of variety when it comes to choosing which orchid to grow. However, for beginners, the sheer number of options can be overwhelming. To help you get started, we’ve compiled a list of 20 popular orchids that are great for beginners.
Phalaenopsis: Often referred to as the “moth orchid,” this is perhaps the most commonly grown orchid. It produces long-lasting blooms in a range of colors and is relatively easy to care for. this is the most common orchid you’ll find at garden centers. It’s easy to care for and produces long-lasting, stunning flowers. Phalaenopsis orchids, also known as moth orchids, are a popular type of orchid that are native to Southeast Asia. They are characterized by their large, round, and flat flowers that come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, yellow, and purple. Phalaenopsis orchids are prized for their long-lasting blooms, which can persist for several months, and their ease of care, making them a popular choice for indoor gardening. They thrive in bright, indirect light and moderate humidity, and can be watered once a week or when the potting mix feels dry to the touch. With proper care, Phalaenopsis orchids can live for several years and produce multiple blooms each season.
Cattleya: This orchid produces large, showy flowers that are often used in corsages and other formal arrangements. It requires bright, indirect light and plenty of humidity . This orchids also has fragrant flowers. It’s a bit more challenging to grow than some other varieties, but it’s worth the effort.Cattleya orchids are a type of epiphytic orchid native to Central and South America. They are prized for their large, showy, and fragrant flowers, which come in a wide range of colors and patterns. Cattleya orchids prefer bright, indirect light and high humidity, and they require a well-draining potting mix. They are typically grown as houseplants or in greenhouses, and are often used in cut flower arrangements. Cattleya orchids have been popular among orchid enthusiasts since the mid-19th century, and are known for their stunning beauty and exotic appeal
Dendrobium: With over 1,000 species, dendrobium orchids offer a wide variety of shapes and colors. They are relatively easy to grow and produce clusters of colorful flowers.Dendrobium orchids are a diverse group of orchids that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. They are known for their showy and colorful flowers, which come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Dendrobium orchids are epiphytes, which means they grow on trees, and they have adapted to absorb water and nutrients from the air and rain. These orchids are popular among hobbyist and professional growers for their ease of cultivation and the wide range of hybrids available. They can thrive in a variety of growing conditions, from warm and humid to cooler and drier, and can be grown in pots or mounted on a surface. Dendrobium orchids are not only beautiful, but they also have some medicinal uses in traditional medicine.
Oncidium: Known for their “dancing lady” flowers, oncidium orchids produce bright yellow or pink blooms with delicate frills. They require bright light and frequent watering.Oncidium orchids are a diverse and beautiful group of orchids that are native to the Americas. They are often called “dancing lady” orchids because of their distinctive flowers, which resemble tiny ballerinas. Oncidium orchids can be found in a wide range of colors, from yellow and orange to red and pink, and they are prized for their vibrant and long-lasting blooms. These orchids are relatively easy to grow and care for, and they can thrive in a variety of environments, from warm, humid rainforests to dry, desert-like conditions. They are a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor cultivation, and they can be propagated by division or by seed.
Paphiopedilum: Also known as the “lady slipper” orchid, this variety produces exotic, slipper-shaped flowers that can be quite stunning. Low light and a lot of humidity are necessary.Paphiopedilum orchids, also known as lady slipper orchids, are a genus of tropical and subtropical orchids native to Southeast Asia, India, and the Pacific Islands. These orchids are prized for their distinctive pouch-shaped lip, which resembles a slipper or shoe. Paphiopedilum orchids typically grow in moist, shaded environments, often on the forest floor, and can be cultivated as houseplants. They come in a range of colors, including white, yellow, pink, and green, and their flowers can last for several weeks. However, Paphiopedilum orchids are known for their sensitivity to overwatering and other environmental factors, making them a challenging but rewarding plant for orchid enthusiasts to grow.
Vanda: This orchid produces vibrant, long-lasting flowers in shades of blue, purple, and pink. They require bright light and frequent watering. Vanda orchids are a popular group of orchids known for their vibrant colors, large blooms, and distinctive appearance. These epiphytic plants are native to tropical Asia and are typically found growing in tree branches or on rocks. Vanda orchids have long, strap-like leaves and produce flowers in clusters, ranging in size from 2 to 6 inches in diameter. They are highly prized by orchid enthusiasts for their exotic beauty, intense fragrance, and long-lasting blooms. Vanda orchids require high levels of humidity, bright but indirect light, and a well-draining growing medium. With proper care, these stunning plants can thrive and bloom for many years.
Miltoniopsis: Often called the “pansy orchid,” this variety produces blooms that resemble colorful pansies. They require cooler temperatures and high humidity. Miltoniopsis orchids, also known as pansy orchids, are a popular and beautiful genus of orchids native to the cloud forests of Central and South America. They are known for their large, showy flowers that resemble pansies in shape and color, with a range of hues from white and pink to red and purple. Miltoniopsis orchids prefer cooler temperatures and high humidity, making them well-suited for growing in greenhouses or indoor environments with a humidifier. They require regular watering, but it’s important to avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot. With proper care, Miltoniopsis orchids can bloom multiple times a year, adding a splash of color and elegance to any space
Brassavola: This orchid produces fragrant, white flowers that are often used in perfumes. They require bright, indirect light and frequent watering.Brassavola orchids are a type of orchid species that are highly prized for their fragrant, white or greenish-yellow flowers. They are native to Central and South America, and have been popular among orchid enthusiasts for over 100 years. Brassavola orchids are epiphytic, meaning that they grow on trees or other plants without harming them. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight and warm temperatures, and can be grown both indoors and outdoors in tropical or subtropical climates. With proper care, these orchids can bloom several times a year and add a touch of elegance and sophistication to any collection.Brassavola orchids are also known for their long-lasting blooms, which can last up to several weeks.
Encyclia: This variety produces long-lasting blooms in shades of pink, purple, and white. They require moderate light and humidity. Encyclia is a genus of orchids that includes around 150 species, distributed mainly in Central and South America, but also in the Caribbean and Florida. These epiphytic or lithophytic plants grow in a wide range of habitats, from dry forests to rainforests and even in the edges of deserts. The genus name comes from the Greek word “enkykleomai,” meaning to encircle, referring to the way the labellum wraps around the column of the flower. Encyclia orchids have long, narrow leaves and produce spikes of small to medium-sized flowers that come in a variety of colors, from white to pink, purple, yellow, and orange. Some species are highly fragrant and are used in the production of perfumes. Encyclia orchids are popular among orchid enthusiasts due to their attractive flowers and ease of cultivation.
Maxillaria: With over 300 species, this orchid offers a wide variety of colors and shapes. They are relatively easy to grow and produce small, delicate flowers Maxillaria is a large and diverse genus of orchids, consisting of over 500 species distributed throughout the tropical regions of the Americas. These orchids are highly variable in appearance, with some species having small, delicate flowers and others producing large, showy blooms. Maxillaria orchids are typically epiphytes, growing on tree trunks and branches, and they are adapted to a wide range of habitats, from humid rainforests to dry, rocky regions. These orchids have a reputation for being relatively easy to grow and care for, making them a popular choice among orchid enthusiasts. Maxillaria orchids are known for their fragrant, long-lasting flowers, which can range in color from white and yellow to purple and red. Many species also produce colorful, waxy leaves that add interest to the plant even when it is not in bloom.
Epidendrum orchid: These orchids grow tiny, delicate blossoms and are available in a variety of colours. They make excellent houseplants and are simple to maintain. Epidendrum is a large and diverse genus of orchids, with over 1,000 species found in various habitats throughout the Americas. The plants can vary widely in size and form, with some species being compact and others producing long, branching stems that can grow to several feet in length. Epidendrum orchids typically produce numerous small flowers that are arranged in a long inflorescence or cluster. The individual flowers can vary in color and shape, and some species have highly fragrant blooms. These orchids are popular with both collectors and hobbyists due to their ease of cultivation and stunning displays of flowers.
Miltonia orchid:This orchid has big, vivid flowers that are frequently fragrant. High humidity and lower temperatures are preferred by it. Miltonia is a genus of orchids that is known for its fragrant, brightly colored, and strikingly patterned flowers. They are native to the humid and warm forests of Central and South America, and require a similar environment to thrive in cultivation. Miltonia orchids are epiphytic, meaning that they grow on trees in their natural habitat, and prefer bright, indirect light and high humidity. They can be grown in pots with a well-draining growing medium, and should be watered regularly to keep the growing medium moist. Miltonia orchids are popular among collectors and orchid enthusiasts for their stunning flowers, which can bloom in a range of colors, including shades of pink, purple, yellow, and white.
Masdevallia orchid: These orchids produce small, vibrant flowers that come in a range of colors. They prefer cooler temperatures and high humidity. Masdevallia is a genus of orchids consisting of more than 500 species, known for their small and colorful flowers. These epiphytic plants are native to the Andes Mountains of South America and grow at high elevations, where they experience cool temperatures and high humidity. Masdevallia orchids have unique features, such as long-lasting blooms, complex floral structures, and diversity of colors and shapes. They are popular among orchid enthusiasts, and many hybrids have been created from different Masdevallia species. However, due to their specific growing requirements, they can be challenging to cultivate, and they may not be suitable for beginners
Zygopetalum orchid: These orchids produce fragrant, colorful flowers that resemble stars. They require moderate care and prefer cooler temperatures. Zygopetalum orchid is a beautiful and popular orchid species known for its fragrant, vibrant, and uniquely shaped flowers. Native to South America, these orchids are epiphytes, which means they grow on trees and absorb nutrients and moisture from the air and surrounding environment. Zygopetalum orchids require moderate to bright indirect light, high humidity, and well-draining soil to thrive. They are relatively easy to care for and can bloom for several weeks to a few months, depending on the variety. With their striking appearance and alluring fragrance, Zygopetalum orchids are a favorite among orchid enthusiasts and collectors.
Laelia orchid:These orchids produce a variety of colourful, huge, beautiful flowers. They need a little more maintenance than some other types, but it’s worth it. Laelia orchids are a genus of epiphytic orchids native to Central and South America. They are known for their colorful and showy flowers, which come in a variety of shades including pink, purple, yellow, and white. Laelia orchids prefer bright, indirect light and well-draining potting mix, and are commonly grown in pots or mounted on slabs of wood or cork. These orchids require regular watering and fertilizer, and benefit from a period of cooler temperatures in the winter to encourage blooming. Some popular species of Laelia orchids include Laelia anceps, Laelia purpurata, and Laelia jongheana
Coelogyne orchid:This orchid produces a variety of coloured, fragrant, waxy blooms. High humidity and lower temperatures are preferred by it. Coelogyne is a genus of orchids that includes over 200 species, found mainly in Southeast Asia and the Himalayas. These epiphytic plants have thick, fleshy roots and pseudobulbs, and produce long, arching stems with several lance-shaped leaves. The flowers of Coelogyne orchids are typically large and showy, with a distinctive lip and often a pleasant fragrance. Some species produce flowers that are pure white, while others are yellow, green, or a combination of colors. Coelogyne orchids are popular among collectors and can be grown in a variety of conditions, including in a pot with well-draining soil, or mounted on a piece of wood or cork.
Stanhopea orchid:These orchids produce large, fragrant flowers that are often used in perfumes. They require a bit more care than some other varieties, but they’re well worth it. Stanhopea is a genus of orchids with over 60 species, known for their large and fragrant flowers that bloom in the spring and summer. These epiphytic orchids are native to the tropical regions of Central and South America and grow in humid forests. The most distinctive feature of the Stanhopea orchid is their upside-down flowers that emerge from the base of the plant and hang down from long, leafless stems. The flowers are usually large and have a unique, intricate structure, with waxy petals and a prominent lip. Stanhopea orchids require special care and attention to thrive, including high humidity, good air circulation, and a specific type of potting mix. Because of their striking appearance and unique growth habits, Stanhopea orchids are highly sought after by orchid enthusiasts and collectors.
Pleurothallis orchid: These orchids produce small, delicate flowers that come in a range of colors. They prefer high humidity and moderate care. Pleurothallis is a genus of orchids that comprises over 1,000 species, many of which are epiphytes found in the forests of Central and South America. These plants are known for their small size and intricate, often colorful flowers, which can be less than a centimeter in size. Pleurothallis orchids are often grown by orchid enthusiasts due to their diversity and their ease of cultivation in smaller spaces. While they may be small, Pleurothallis orchids make up for it with their unique and visually stunning blooms, making them a popular choice for both collectors and hobbyists alike.
Bulbophyllum orchid: This orchid produces small, fragrant flowers that come in a range of colors. It prefers high humidity and moderate care. Bulbophyllum is a large and diverse genus of orchids, comprising over 2,000 species, and is one of the largest genera in the orchid family. These orchids are widely distributed throughout the tropics, with most species found in Southeast AsiaThe flowers of Bulbophyllum orchids are often small and intricately patterned, and their diversity of color and shape is truly remarkable. The plants themselves vary greatly in size, from tiny miniatures to large specimens that can grow over a meter in height. Many species have fascinating adaptations, such as the ability to trap insects with their flowers, or to mimic the scent of decaying organic matter to attract pollinators. As a result of their beauty and intrigue,Bulbophyllum orchids are highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts.
Lycaste orchid: These orchids produce large, showy flowers that come in a range of colors. They require a bit more care than some.Lycaste orchids are a type of epiphytic orchid native to Central and South America. They are highly sought after by orchid enthusiasts for their showy and fragrant flowers, which can range in color from white to yellow, pink, and red. Lycaste orchids typically bloom in the winter and spring months and require bright, filtered light and moderate temperatures to thrive. They are also known for their unique and intricate lip or labellum, which serves as a landing platform for pollinators such as bees and butterflies. Lycaste orchids are a popular choice for indoor cultivation, and with proper care and attention, they can produce stunning blooms year after year.
When choosing an orchid for beginners, it’s important to consider the specific growing conditions that the plant requires. While these varieties are generally easy to grow, each species has its own specific needs for light, temperature, and humidity. With a little research and careful attention, even a beginner can enjoy the beauty of these stunning flowers.