Orchids are one of the most popular plants among gardeners, and for good reason. They offer a stunning display of colours and shapes, and their long-lasting blooms are a source of joy and fascination. One orchid species that is gaining popularity among orchid enthusiasts is the Phragmipedium besseae. This beautiful orchid species is native to South America and known for its vibrant red flowers, which bloom all year round under proper care. If you’re a beginner looking to add this orchid to your collection, here’s a beginner’s guide to Phragmipedium besseae orchid care.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids require bright but indirect light to thrive. The ideal location for these orchids is a spot where they can receive plenty of bright, filtered sunlight without being exposed to direct sunlight, which can scorch their leaves and blooms. East-facing windows are an excellent choice for these orchids, as they can provide plenty of light without exposing the plant to direct sunlight.
Temperature and Humidity
Like most orchids, Phragmipedium besseae orchids require warm and humid growing conditions to thrive. These orchids prefer daytime temperatures between 75-85°F (24-29°C) and nighttime temperatures between 60-65°F (15-18°C). To maintain the required humidity levels, you can place a humidifier near the orchid or set up a tray of pebbles filled with water underneath the plant’s pot. Regular misting can also help to keep the humidity levels high.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids require consistent moisture, but they do not tolerate being overwatered. You should water your orchid once a week or when the potting medium feels almost dry to the touch. It is essential to water the orchid thoroughly, ensuring that the water reaches the roots, but avoid leaving the plant sitting in standing water. Overwatering can cause the roots to rot and ultimately kill the plant.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids grow best in a well-draining potting mix that allows air to circulate around the roots. A mix of sphagnum moss, bark, and perlite is an excellent choice for these orchids. When repotting, choose a pot that is slightly larger than the current pot, and use fresh potting mix. It is recommended to repot Phragmipedium besseae orchids every 1-2 years to ensure that the potting mix is fresh and healthy.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids require regular feeding to maintain healthy growth and vibrant blooms. Use a balanced orchid fertilizer, diluted to half strength, once a month during the growing season (spring and summer). During the winter months, reduce feeding to every 6-8 weeks
Phragmipedium besseae orchids can be propagated through division. This should be done during the spring when new growth begins to emerge. To divide your orchid, carefully remove it from its pot and gently separate the individual plantlets from the main plant, ensuring that each plantlet has a healthy root system. Then, plant each plantlet in its own pot, using fresh potting mix.
Pests and diseases
Like all plants, Phragmipedium besseae orchids are susceptible to pests and diseases. The most common pests that affect these orchids include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. These pests can be controlled by spraying the plant with a mild insecticidal soap. It is important to ensure that the soap solution does not come in contact with the flowers or buds, as it can damage them. If you notice any signs of disease, such as yellowing or wilting leaves, brown spots on the leaves, or root rot, take immediate action to diagnose and treat the problem. In most cases, these issues can be resolved by adjusting the plant’s growing conditions or by applying an appropriate fungicide.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids are known for their stunning, bright red blooms. These orchids typically bloom once a year, in the late spring or early summer. The blooms can last for several weeks, and each stem can produce multiple flowers. To encourage your orchid to bloom, ensure that it is receiving enough light and is not exposed to temperature fluctuations or drafts. Additionally, make sure that you are fertilising your orchid regularly, as a lack of nutrients can inhibit blooming.
Phragmipedium besseae orchids have an interesting pollination mechanism. They have evolved to attract male Euglossine bees with their scent, which mimics the scent of the female bee. When the male bee tries to mate with the flower, it picks up pollen on its body, which is then transferred to another flower, resulting in pollination. If you want your orchid to produce seeds, you will need to allow the flower to remain on the plant until it has produced a seed capsule.
Choosing a Healthy Plant
When selecting a Phragmipedium besseae orchid to purchase, look for a plant with healthy leaves and roots. The leaves should be a bright, healthy green, and the roots should be firm and white. Avoid plants with yellow or wilted leaves, as well as those with mushy or brown roots, as these may indicate disease or poor growing conditions.
In summary, Phragmipedium besseae orchids are a beautiful and easy-to-care-for orchid species that can provide years of enjoyment with their bright red blooms. To ensure that your orchid stays healthy and produces vibrant blooms, provide it with bright, filtered light, warm and humid growing conditions, and regular watering and fertilizing. Monitor your orchid regularly for pests and diseases, and take immediate action to address any issues that arise. With a little bit of care and attention, your Phragmipedium besseae orchid can be a source of beauty and joy in your life.