Pansy and violets (Viola)
There are severa species and types of Viola that are splendid backyard plants. These vary from the small-flowers of Viola tricolor, normally recognized as heartsease, thru severa kinds of violets – which include candy violets or English violets (Viola odorata) and Parma violets – all the way thru to the massive plant life of pansies (usually referred to as Viola x wittrockiana).
Nearly all violas are reliably hardy and shape low-growing mats of evergreen foliage that is top notch as floor cover. Most violas have a lengthy flowering length in spring and summer time – and the winter-flowering pansies will grant awesome backyard color at some stage in the less warm months of the 12 months and properly into late spring.
Although most species are perennial and are grown for many years, pansies and heartsease are normally grown as an annual or biennial bedding plant, and disposed of after flowering. Put the ancient plant life on the compost heap.
How to develop violas
For first-class results, violas must be grown both in full solar or mild or dappled shade. They decide on a fertile soil enriched with a lot of natural matter, which holds lots of moisture in spring and summer, doesn’t dry out or turn out to be waterlogged. Add a common or excessive potash granular feed to the soil earlier than planting out.
Violas and pansies are handy to develop from seed. Sow seeds both in seed trays, mobilephone trays or pots of desirable seed sowing compost indoors at a temperature of round 15-18°C (60-65°F). Make certain the seeds are properly included as they dislike light. High and extensively fluctuating temperatures and fluctuating moisture degrees can purpose failure.
Prick out the seedlings personally when they are massive ample to handle, both into seed trays or, higher still, mobilephone trays or 7.5-9cm (3-3.5in) pots.
Summer bedding plants: Sow February to March.
Winter bedding plants: Sow from May to July.
Pansies in bloom, many colours
For daring displays, plant out round 15-23cm (6-9in) apart.
If you don’t develop your very own from seed, plug flowers and seedlings are on hand from mail order seed groups and larger, ready-to-plant flowers are handy from backyard centres.
To make certain vibrant iciness displays, it is essential to develop reliably hardy, winter-flowering sorts and plant them out before the climate turns too bloodless in autumn; September or early October is the first-rate time. If the plant life are too small or haven’t produced any flower buds via the time you plant out, they are not likely to produce a dependable show at some point of the iciness months, however will come into flower when the climate warms up in spring.
Growing violas from cuttings
It is feasible to propagate most violas from stem cuttings taken in summer time from the cutting-edge year’s non-flowering shoots.
Take cuttings round 5-7.5cm (2-3in) long, slicing simply under a leaf joint, or node. Remove the leaves from the decrease half of to two-thirds of the stem and insert in pots of a appropriate cuttings compost to the base of the leaves, spacing cuttings so the leaves don’t touch. Place the pot in a plastic bag or in a propagator and area someplace warm, with proper light, however out of direct daylight to root.
Pot up plant life for my part as soon as they have rooted and develop them on till they are massive sufficient to plant out.
Suggested planting areas and backyard types
Flower beds and borders, patios, containers, metropolis and courtyard gardens, cottage and casual gardens, bedding displays, floor cover.
How to care for violas
Keep the soil or compost moist, particularly when vegetation are flowering. Regular liquid feeds will assist extend the flowering period.
Regularly deadhead plants, putting off the creating seedpod to lengthen flowering.
After flowering, reduce returned perennial violas to maintain them compact. Trimming over pansies after flowering and giving them a liquid feed, can also promote in addition flushes of flowers. Don’t develop pansies in the identical soil or compost yr after yr as this can lead to a build-up of soil troubles – on occasion referred to as ‘pansy sickness’ – which reason the plant life to fail.
Flowering season(s) Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Foliage season(s) Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Sunlight Partial shade, Full sun
Soil type Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy
Soil pH Neutral
Soil moisture Moist however well-drained
Ultimate height 15-23cm (6-9in)
Ultimate spread 15-23cm (6-9in)
Time to last height 3-4 months