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10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Welcome to our guide featuring the “10 Best Ground Orchids That Can Be Grown in the Ground.” Orchids have fascinated plant enthusiasts for generations with their delicate and exotic beauty.

While traditionally considered epiphytes, there are ground orchids that thrive when planted directly in the soil. In this comprehensive list, we will introduce ten exceptional species of ground orchids that can be cultivated in gardens, showcasing a mesmerising array of vibrant colours and captivating forms.

Whether you’re an experienced orchid lover or a novice gardener seeking to add elegance to your landscape, this guide will help you discover the perfect ground orchids to transform your garden into a botanical wonderland. Let’s embark on a journey and explore the enchanting world of ground orchids!

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Bletilla striata (Chinese Ground Orchid):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Bletilla striata, commonly known as the Chinese Ground Orchid or Hyacinth Orchid, is a popular ground orchid species that is native to China, Japan, and Taiwan. Here’s some information about Bletilla striata:

Appearance: Bletilla striata produces slender, sword-shaped leaves that emerge from pseudobulbs. The leaves are typically a vibrant green colour and can grow to be around 18 inches (45 cm) long. The orchid sends up tall flower spikes, usually reaching a height of about 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm), which bear multiple flowers.

Flowers: The flowers of Bletilla striata are its main attraction. They come in various shades of purple, pink, or white, with darker coloration on the lips. Each spike carries several blossoms, and each flower consists of three petals and three sepals. The lip of the flower is wide and slightly fringed, often featuring contrasting patterns or markings. The blooms have a delicate, exotic appearance.

Growing Conditions: Chinese Ground Orchids prefer partial shade, although they can tolerate some morning sun or filtered light. They do best on soil with good drainage and a lot of organic matter. The orchid is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 9, making it suitable for a wide range of climates. It’s important to note that Bletilla striata requires a distinct winter dormancy period, during which the leaves die back.

Care: Here are some care tips for Bletilla striata:

Planting: When planting, make sure the pseudobulbs are partially exposed above the soil surface.


Watering: During the growing season, provide routine irrigation to maintain an evenly wet soil. Avoid overwatering or allowing the roots to sit in waterlogged soil.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser regularly during the growing season to promote healthy growth and blooming.

Winter Dormancy: Allow the foliage to die back naturally during the winter. Reduce watering during this period and protect the plant from extreme cold if necessary.

Division: Bletilla striata can be divided every few years to propagate the orchid and rejuvenate its growth.


With proper care, Bletilla striata can reward you with stunning blooms and add a touch of elegance to your garden or landscape.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Calanthe discolour (Asian Ground Orchid):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Calanthe discolour, commonly known as the Asian Ground Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species that is native to various parts of Asia. Here’s some information about Calanthe discolour:

Appearance: Calanthe discolour is known for its attractive foliage and intricate flowers. The orchid features broad, pleated leaves that form a basal rosette. The leaves can vary in colour, ranging from dark green to light green or even bronze. The flowering stems grow upright from the centre of the rosette and can reach heights of about 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm).

Flowers: The Asian Ground Orchid produces showy, long-lasting flowers on tall spikes. The flowers come in a wide range of colours, including shades of white, pink, purple, yellow, and orange. Each spike carries multiple blooms, with the flowers typically featuring three sepals and three petals. The lip of the flower often has contrasting colours or markings, adding to its beauty.

Growing Conditions: Calanthe discolour thrives in shaded or partially shaded locations, making it well-suited for woodland gardens or areas with filtered sunlight. It prefers soil that drains well and is rich in organic materials. This orchid species is generally hardy in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 10, but specific varieties may have different temperature tolerances.

Care: Here are some care tips for Calanthe discolour:

Planting: When planting, ensure the pseudobulbs are partially exposed above the soil level.

Watering: Give the soil a consistent watering so that it remains evenly moist but not flooded. Keep the orchid out of any standing water.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the growing season to support healthy growth and blooming.

Mulching: Use an organic mulch to cover the plant’s base to help retain moisture and control soil temperature.

Winter Protection: In colder regions, protect the Asian Ground Orchid from freezing temperatures by providing a layer of mulch or moving potted plants indoors.

Division: Calan The discolour can be divided every few years to propagate the orchid and maintain its vigour.


By providing the appropriate growing conditions and care, Calanthe discolour can grace your garden with its stunning foliage and colourful flowers. It is a beautiful choice for orchid enthusiasts and those looking to add a touch of elegance to their landscape.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Epidendrum radicans (Reed-stem Epidendrum):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Epidendrum radicans, commonly known as the Reed-stem Epidendrum or Fire Star Orchid, is a hardy and easy-to-grow orchid species. Here’s some information about Epidendrum radicans:

Appearance: Epidendrum radicans is a robust orchid that forms clumps of upright stems. The stems are cane-like, typically reaching heights of about 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm). The leaves are elongated and leathery, arranged alternately along the stems. The foliage is typically a rich green colour.

Flowers: The Reed-stem Epidendrum produces vibrant, trumpet-shaped flowers in various shades of orange, red, and sometimes yellow. The flowers emerge from the nodes along the stems in clusters or racemes, with each stem carrying multiple blooms. The blossoms have a waxy texture and a long-lasting quality.

Growing Conditions: Epidendrum radicans is known for its adaptability and resilience. It prefers bright, indirect light but can tolerate a range of light conditions, including full sun or partial shade. It can be grown both on the ground and in containers. This orchid species thrives in well-draining soil or a well-draining orchid mix. It is suitable for warm and tropical climates and can tolerate some drought.

Care: Here are some care tips for Epidendrum radicans:

Watering: Allow the growing medium to dry out slightly between waterings. Water thoroughly but avoid overwatering, as this orchid prefers slightly drier conditions compared to some other orchid species.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser at regular intervals during the growing season to promote healthy growth and blooming.

Pruning: Prune the orchid after flowering to remove spent flower spikes and promote new growth.

Winter Care: In colder regions, protect the orchid from frost by moving potted plants indoors or providing suitable protection in the ground.

Propagation: Epidendrum radicans can be propagated through division. Simply separate the clumps and plant them in suitable containers or locations.


Epidendrum radicans is a versatile orchid species that adds a vibrant splash of colour to gardens and landscapes. Its hardiness and ability to adapt to different conditions make it a popular choice for both beginners and experienced orchid enthusiasts.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird’ (Ground Blue Star Orchid):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird,’ commonly known as the Ground Blue Star Orchid, is a hybrid orchid known for its compact growth and beautiful blue-violet flowers. Here’s some information about Neostylis Lou Sneary, ‘Bluebird’:

Appearance: Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird’ is a compact orchid with narrow, grass-like leaves. It forms a dense clump of foliage, making it suitable for ground planting or container cultivation. The foliage is typically a deep green colour and adds an attractive touch even when the plant is not in bloom. The flowers of ‘Bluebird’ are the main highlight, featuring striking blue-violet petals with a white centre.

Flowers: The Ground Blue Star Orchid produces small, star-shaped flowers on upright spikes. Each spike carries multiple blooms, creating a beautiful display. The flowers have a delicate and intricate appearance, and their vibrant blue-violet colour stands out in garden settings. The blooms last for a long time and may last for several weeks.

Growing Conditions: Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird’ thrives in partially shaded conditions. It favours sunlight that has been filtered or bright, indirect light. It can be grown in the ground or in containers, making it suitable for both garden beds and orchid displays. This hybrid orchid requires well-draining soil or a well-draining orchid mix. It enjoys moderate humidity and temperatures that are not excessively hot or cold.

Care: Here are some care tips for Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird’:


Watering: Maintain a constant, moist but not soggy condition for the growing medium. If the top inch of soil seems dry after being watered properly,



Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser at regular intervals during the growing season to provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and blooming.

Humidity: Neostylis Lou Sneary, ‘Bluebird, appreciates moderate humidity levels. You can increase humidity by placing the orchid on a tray with water and pebbles or by using a humidifier.

Pruning: After the blooming period, trim back any spent flower spikes to encourage new growth.

Winter Care: Protect the Ground Blue Star Orchid from cold draughts and extreme temperature fluctuations. In colder regions, move potted plants indoors or provide suitable protection.


Neostylis Lou Sneary ‘Bluebird’ is a captivating orchid that adds a touch of elegance with its vibrant blue-violet flowers. Whether planted in the ground or displayed in containers, it is sure to be a showstopper in any garden or orchid collection.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Spathoglottis plicata (Philippine Ground Orchid):

Spathoglottis plicata, commonly known as the Philippine Ground Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species native to Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. Here’s some information about Spathoglottis plicata:

Appearance: Spathoglottis plicata is a medium-sized orchid with a clumping growth habit. It forms fan-shaped rosettes of elongated, pleated leaves that emerge from pseudobulbs. The leaves are typically green and can reach lengths of about 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm). The plant produces erect flower spikes that can grow up to 2 feet (60 cm) tall.

Flowers: The Philippine Ground Orchid bears vibrant, showy flowers on the upright spikes. The blooms come in a range of colours, including shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white. The flowers have a distinctive structure with three sepals and three petals, with the lip of the flower often featuring contrasting colours and patterns. The flowers are long-lasting and add a splash of colour to the landscape.

Growing Conditions: Spathoglottis plicata thrives in warm and tropical climates. It prefers full sun to partial shade, making it suitable for both open gardens and areas with filtered sunlight. This orchid species requires well-draining soil that retains some moisture. On the ground or in containers, it can be grown. The Philippine Ground Orchid is generally hardy in USDA hardiness zones 10 to 12.

Care: Here are some care tips for Spathoglottis plicata:


Watering: Give the soil steady, but not swollen, moisture by providing regular irrigation. Make sure the plant doesn’t get entirely dry.

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Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the growing season to support healthy growth and blooming. Follow the package instructions for dosage and frequency.


Mulching: To help retain moisture and control soil temperature, spread a layer of organic mulch around the plant’s base.

Pruning: Remove spent flower spikes and trim back any dead or yellowing leaves to maintain a tidy appearance.

Division: Over time, Spathoglottis plicata can form clumps. Divide the plant every few years to propagate it and maintain its vigour.


The Philippine Ground Orchid is a charming orchid species that adds a tropical flair to gardens and landscapes. With its colourful flowers and relatively easy care requirements, it is a popular choice for orchid enthusiasts and those looking to create a vibrant garden display

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10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Pleione formosana (Chinese Ground Orchid):

Pleione formosana, commonly known as the Chinese Ground Orchid or Hardy Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species native to parts of China and Taiwan. Here’s some information about Pleione formosana:

Appearance: Pleione formosana is a miniature orchid that grows from small, round pseudobulbs. It produces a single, pleated leaf that emerges from each pseudobulb. The leaves are typically lance-shaped and have a vibrant green colour. The plant remains compact, usually reaching heights of about 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 cm).

Flowers: The Chinese Ground Orchid produces exquisite, colourful flowers that emerge from the base of the leaves. Each pseudobulb typically carries one or two flowers. The blooms have a unique appearance, with a large, fringed lip and petals that can vary in colour, including shades of pink, purple, white, and sometimes yellow. The flowers are relatively large in proportion to the size of the plant.

Growing Conditions: Pleione formosana thrives in cool and temperate climates. It prefers partial shade or filtered sunlight, making it suitable for woodland gardens or areas with dappled light. This orchid species requires well-draining soil or a well-draining orchid mix that mimics its natural mountainous habitat. It is generally hardy in USDA hardiness zones 6 to 9.

Care: Here are some care tips for Pleione formosana:

Temperature: Pleione formosana appreciates cool temperatures, particularly during its dormancy period. It requires a distinct winter rest period with cooler temperatures (around 45 to 55°F or 7 to 13°C) to initiate blooming.

Watering: During the active growth period, water the orchid consistently to keep the growing medium evenly moist. Reduce watering during the dormant period, but do not let the pseudobulbs dry out completely.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the active growth period to provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and blooming.

Dormancy: Allow Pleione formosana to enter a dormant period after the foliage has died back naturally. Reduce watering and provide cooler temperatures to mimic its natural cycle.

Repotting: Repot the orchid every few years after the blooming season using a well-draining orchid mix.


Pleione formosana is a delightful orchid species that offers beautiful blooms at a compact size. With its unique flowers and preference for cooler conditions, it brings a touch of charm to gardens and containers, particularly in temperate regions.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Habenaria radiata (Egret Flower):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Habenaria radiata, commonly known as the Egret Flower or White Egret Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species native to Japan, China, and Korea. Here’s some information about Habenaria radiata:

Appearance: Habenaria radiata is named for its unique and striking flower that resembles a graceful egret in flight. The plant features slender, erect stems that can grow up to 2 feet (60 cm) tall. The leaves are lance-shaped, and multiple leaves grow along the length of the stem. The flowers are the main attraction, with pure white petals and a distinctive, fringed lip. The lip is elongated and curves upward, resembling the elegant shape of an egret.

Flowers: The Egret Flower produces showy, white blooms with a contrasting yellow or green throat. The flowers appear in clusters at the top of the stems, creating a beautiful display. Each flower has three sepals and three petals, with the lower petal forming the distinctive lip. The flowers have a delicate fragrance and are known for their elegance and visual appeal.

Growing Conditions: Habenaria radiata thrives in a variety of growing conditions. It prefers partial shade to full sun, making it suitable for gardens with filtered light or areas that receive direct sunlight for part of the day. This orchid species requires well-draining soil that retains some moisture. USDA hardiness zones 6 to 9 are suitable for growing it.

Care: Here are some care tips for Habenaria radiata:

Watering: Provide regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist during the active growing season. Avoid overwatering or allowing the roots to sit in waterlogged soil.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the growing season to provide the necessary nutrients. Follow the package instructions for dosage and frequency.

Mulching: Use an organic mulch to cover the plant’s base to help retain moisture and control soil temperature.

Dormancy: The Egret Flower goes through a dormant period during the winter. Allow the foliage to die back naturally, and reduce watering during this time.

Propagation: Habenaria radiata can be propagated through division. Divide the plant during the dormant season to separate the pseudobulbs and create new plants.


The Egret Flower is a captivating orchid species that adds elegance and charm to gardens and landscapes. Its unique flower shape and pure white colour make it a standout choice for orchid enthusiasts and those looking for a distinctive and beautiful addition to their floral displays.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Phaius tankervilleae (Nun’s Orchid):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Phaius tankervilleae, commonly known as the Nun’s Orchid or Nun’s Cap Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species native to Southeast Asia. Here’s some information about Phaius tankervilleae:

Appearance: Phaius tankervilleae is a large and robust orchid that can reach heights of up to 3 to 4 feet (90 to 120 cm). It forms clumps of pseudobulbs from which several upright, broad leaves emerge. The leaves are typically a deep green colour and can grow to be about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm) long. The flowers of the Nun’s Orchid are the highlight, featuring large and showy blossoms.

Flowers: The Nun’s Orchid produces stunning, long-lasting flowers on tall, erect spikes. The blooms are usually a creamy white or pale yellow colour, often with contrasting markings or spots. Each spike carries several large, waxy flowers that have a characteristic shape resembling a nun’s cap or bonnet, hence the common name. The flowers are fragrant, emitting a sweet scent.

Growing Conditions: Phaius tankervilleae thrives in warm and tropical climates. It favours sunlight that has been filtered or bright, indirect light. This orchid species is adaptable and can be grown on the ground or in containers. It requires well-draining soil or a well-draining orchid mix. The Nun’s Orchid is generally hardy in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 12.

Care: Here are some care tips for Phaius tankervilleae:

Watering: Maintain a steady moisture level in the growing medium while avoiding overwatering. Between waterings, make sure to give the top inch of soil time to slightly dry out.



Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the active growing season to provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and blooming. Reduce fertilisation during the dormant period.

Humidity: Phaius tankervilleae appreciates moderate to high humidity levels. You can increase humidity by placing the orchid on a tray with water and pebbles or by using a humidifier.

Pruning: After the blooming period, trim back spent flower spikes to maintain a tidy appearance.

Division: The Nun’s Orchid can be divided every few years to propagate the orchid and rejuvenate its growth.


Phaius tankervilleae is a majestic orchid that makes a statement with its large, fragrant flowers and impressive size. Whether planted in garden beds or displayed in containers, it adds elegance and beauty to tropical and subtropical landscapes.

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Bletia purpurea (Cherry Orchid):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Bletia purpurea, commonly known as the Cherry Orchid, is a terrestrial orchid species native to the Caribbean, Central America, and parts of South America. Here’s some information about Bletia purpurea:

Appearance: Bletia purpurea is a medium-sized orchid that forms clumps of pseudobulbs. The pseudobulbs are rounded and can grow to be about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) in diameter. From the base of each pseudobulb, long, narrow, pleated leaves emerge, reaching lengths of around 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). The plant produces upright, branching flower spikes that bear numerous vibrant, cherry-coloured flowers.

Flowers: The Cherry Orchid displays stunning, showy flowers that are typically deep pink to reddish-purple in colour, resembling the shade of ripe cherries. Each flower has three petals and three sepals, with the lip of the flower often featuring a contrasting colour or pattern. The blooms are long-lasting and add a splash of colour to the landscape.

Growing Conditions: Bletia purpurea thrives in warm and tropical climates. It prefers partial shade to filtered sunlight, making it suitable for gardens with dappled light. This orchid species requires well-draining soil that retains some moisture. Both the ground and containers may be used for its growth. The Cherry Orchid is generally hardy in USDA hardiness zones 10 to 11.

Care: Here are some care tips for Bletia purpurea:

Watering: Provide regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist during the active growing season. Avoid overwatering or allowing the roots to sit in waterlogged soil.

Fertilisation: Apply a balanced orchid fertiliser during the growing season to provide the necessary nutrients. Follow the package instructions for dosage and frequency.

Mulching: To help conserve moisture and control soil temperature, spread a layer of organic mulch around the plant’s base.

Dormancy: The winter months are a time of dormancy for Cherry Orchids. During this period, cut back on watering and maintain slightly lower temperatures.



Repotting: Repot the orchid every few years after the blooming season, using a well-draining orchid mix.


Bletia purpurea, or the Cherry Orchid, is a beautiful orchid species that adds a burst of colour to gardens and landscapes. With its vibrant cherry-coloured flowers and relatively easy care requirements, it is an appealing choice for orchid enthusiasts and those seeking to enhance their tropical or subtropical garden displays.

Pterostylis curta (Blunt Greenhood):

10 Best ground orchids that can be grown in the ground

Pterostylis curta, commonly known as the blunt Greenhood, is a fascinating ground orchid species native to parts of Australia. Here’s some information about Pterostylis curta:

Appearance: Pterostylis curta is a small terrestrial orchid with a unique and distinctive appearance. It features a single basal leaf that is typically broad and heart-shaped. The leaf grows close to the ground and has prominent veining. The flower of the Blunt Greenhood is the main attraction, consisting of a hood-like structure known as a “galea” that covers the reproductive organs. The galea is usually green and rounded, giving the orchid its common name of “Blunt Greenhood.”

Flowers: The flowers of Pterostylis curta are relatively small and inconspicuous compared to the showy blooms of other orchid species. The galea is the dominant feature, and it often has brownish or reddish markings. The labellum, which is the lower petal, extends out from the galea and may have contrasting colours or patterns. The overall coloration and markings of the flower can vary among individuals.

Growing Conditions: Pterostylis curta prefers shady and sheltered conditions. It typically grows in native bushland or woodland environments. This orchid species requires well-draining soil that retains some moisture. It is hardy in a range of climates, including temperate and cool regions.

Care: Here are some care tips for Pterostylis curta:

Light: Provide partial to full shade for the Blunt Greenhood. It prefers protection from direct sunlight.

Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist during the active growing season. Water the orchid when the top layer of soil feels dry, but avoid overwatering.

Fertilisation: Pterostylis curta does not typically require regular fertilisation. It obtains nutrients from the organic matter in its natural habitat.

Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plant to help conserve moisture and provide a suitable environment.

Conservation: If you encounter Pterostylis curta in the wild, it is essential to respect and protect its natural habitat. Do not collect or disturb native orchids without proper authorization.


Pterostylis curta, or the Blunt Greenhood, is a unique and captivating ground orchid species. While its flowers may be less showy compared to some orchids, its distinctive form and habitat appeal make it an interesting addition to native gardens and orchid enthusiasts who appreciate the diversity of orchid species.

FAQ

What is the best ground orchid?

There are several ground orchids that are highly regarded, but some popular ones include Spathoglottis plicata (the Philippine Ground Orchid) and Bletilla striata (the Chinese Ground Orchid).

Do orchids live on the ground?

Yes, some orchids are terrestrial and grow on the ground, while others are epiphytic and live on trees or rocks. There are also semi-terrestrial orchids that can grow in both soil and on trees.

What is the easiest orchid to grow?

Phalaenopsis orchids (Moth Orchids) are generally considered the easiest orchids to grow for beginners due to their adaptability to indoor conditions and relatively simple care requirements.

Is a ground orchid indoors or outdoors?

Ground orchids can be grown both indoors and outdoors. In tropical and subtropical regions, they can be grown outdoors in the garden, while in colder climates, they can be cultivated indoors as houseplants.

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